Land for construction: general regulations

Today we will discuss how to check whether the site fits your future house.

The borders of the territory are defined by local authorities according to the master plan of the area. However, be careful with the meaning of the border. Usually, there are a lot of restrictions in building codes about the area which you can take for the house construction. So what does it mean?

It happens, for instance, 1000 sq.m. of land is yours (or in your rent) but you are allowed to use only 200 sq.m. for house construction. The permit depends on the local law and the regulations can be very different even in two neighbouring districts. Let’s define main restrictions for private house constructions which you can find all over the world:

– So-called “red line” of the street or district. It is a border after which you cannot place any structure with basement, even if the land there is yours. This kind of regulation was developed by urban planners to keep the order of the city structure, however, sometimes it seems unfair to the landowners because they are not free in use of their property. It is better to check this point at the beginning.

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– Minimal distance from the border line to the basement / openings / walls. This is one of the most common regulations in each country. It comes from the fire emergency safety and respect of the neighbours’ privacy (well, you know this face-to-face windows, through which you can see your neighbour in underwear).

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– Minimal distance from the neighbour’s house if it exists. Just a kind of variation of the previous normative, however, in this case, the person who is the first to build in the area has the biggest advantage.

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– The maximum height of the building. Simple and really crucial to know.

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– The maximum volume of the building. It is a little bit more complex requirement to understand. Try to consider roughly calculations, for example, I want 200 sq.m. house x 3.5m = 700 cube m. in total.

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– The distance from the main engineering infrastructure elements as gas, water supply, electricity lines etc. Remember that you are not allowed to build above them, moreover, you should leave the proper distance from them to the basement of the house. (Don’t worry about this too much, your architect knows this perfectly).

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– Green zone regulations. Be careful with the trees on your site: sometimes the law protects them. If you have a lot of trees (how wonderful it might be!) or a small forest on your site then for sure you should pass through all the bureaucracy procedures and pay the recovery price of the trees to cut them.

We would recommend considering the possibility to make a house without touching the plants – it is possible, for example, using the screw piles.

To know more about main nuances how to chose land for construction, check our previous article.

Thank you for reading and stay tuned!